Note 1

Accounting principles

Møre Boligkreditt AS (the company) is part of the Sparebanken Møre Group. The company's Head Office is located at Keiser Wilhelmsgt. 29/33, P.O.Box 121 Sentrum, 6001 Ålesund, Norway.

Preliminary Annual statement was approved for publishing by the Board of Directors 23 January 2019. Final Annual statement was approved by the Board of Directors 4 February 2019.

The company`s financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and approved by the EU as at 31 December 2018.

How the company’s accounting policies are to be read:
Møre Boligkreditt AS describes accounting policies in connection with relevant notes. See the table below for an overview of accounting principles and the notes in which they are described, as well as reference to relevant and important IFRS-standards. 





Accounting policiesNoteIFRS standard
Operating segmentsNote 2 Operating segmentsIFRS 8
ImpairmentsNote 3 Impairment, losses and non-performanceIFRS 9, IFRS 7
Financial derivativesNote 7 Market riskIFRS 9, IFRS 7, IFRS 13
HedgingNote 9 Hedging of interest rate and currency exposureIFRS 9, IFRS 7
Classification of financial instrumentsNote 8 Financial instruments - classification and measurementIFRS 9, IFRS 7
Amortised costNote 8 Financial instruments - classification and measurementIFRS 9, IFRS 7
Fair valueNote 8 Financial instruments - classification and measurementIFRS 9, IFRS 13, IFRS 7
TaxNote 13 TaxIAS 12
EquityNote 15 Share capitalIAS 1
Events after the reporting dateNote 16 Events after the reporting dateIAS 10

Changes in accounting policies and presentation
There were no material changes to the accounting policies in 2018.

New or revised standards applicable for 2018
The mortgage company has implemented one new standard in 2018, IFRS 9 Financial Instruments which replaced IAS 39 as of 1 January 2018. Please see note 3 for information and specifications regarding the effects of the implementation on impairments and note 8 regarding classification and measurement.

Approved IFRSs and IFRICs with future effective dates
Standards and interpretations that are issued up to the date of issuance of the financial statements, but not yet effective are disclosed below. The company’s intention is to adopt relevant new and amended standards and interpretations when they become effective, subject to EU approval before the financial statements are issued.  

The following approved IFRS with future effective date is not expected to be relevant for the company, thus have no impact on the financial statements of the company:

  • IFRS 16 Leases

All amounts in the financial statements and notes are stated in NOK million, unless otherwise specified. The company's functional currency and presentation currency is Norwegian kroner (NOK). Cash items in foreign currencies are converted into NOK at the exchange rates at the reporting date. Changes in value for such items due to exchange rates differences between the transaction date and the reporting date are recognised in the income statement. Income statement items are converted using the exchange rate at the time of the transaction.

Lending is presented in the statement of financial position, depending on the counterparty, either as "Loans to and receivables from credit institutions" or "Loans to and receivables from customers". Interest income is recognised in the lines "Interest income from: Loans to and receivables from credit institutions and Loans to and receivables from customers"using the effective interest rate method. Impairments are recognised in "Impairment on loans".

Certificates and bonds
The holding of covered bonds measured at fair value is presented in the balance sheet as “Certificates and bonds”. The interest income is included in “Certificates, bonds and other interest-bearing securities” and fair value changes in “Net change in value of securities and related derivatives”.

Liabilities to financial institutions
Liabilities to financial institutions are recognised in the statement of financial position as "Loans from credit institutions". Interest expenses on liabilities are included in "Interest expenses in respect of loans from credit institutions" based on the effective interest rate method.

Debt securities issued
Debt securities issued include issued bonds. Interest expenses on the financial instruments are included in "Interest expenses in respect of debt securities" based on the effective interest rate method.

A provision is only recognised when an obligation exists (legal or constructive) as a result of a previous event, and it is likely that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to fulfil the obligation, and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are recognised at the amount that expresses the best estimate of the expenditure required to fulfil the existing obligation. If material the time value of money is taken into account when calculating the size of the provision. Contingent assets or contingent liabilities are not recognised.

In the preparation of the financial statements, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the financial statements and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and costs. The assessments are based on historical experience and assumptions deemed to be reasonable and sensible by the management. There is a risk that the actual outcomes will deviate from the estimated outcomes.

The financial assets and liabilities of the company are allocated to different categories according to IFRS 9 by the management. Normally this process requires limited judgment.

In the opinion of the management, the most important areas which involve critical estimates and assumptions are as follows:

Impairment on loans
The measurement of expected credit losses (ECL) under IFRS 9 requires judgement when assessing whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk and in determining the level of impairment losses, in particular with regards to the estimation of the amount and timing of future cash flows and collateral values. These estimates are driven by a number of factors, changes in which can result in different levels of allowances.

The Sparebanken Møre Group has developed an ECL-model based on the Group’s IRB parameters. The ECL calculations are outputs of complex models with a number of underlying assumptions regarding the choice of variable inputs and their interdependencies. Elements of the ECL model that are considered accounting judgements and estimates include:

  • The internal credit grading model, which assigns probability of default (PD)
  • The criteria for assessing if there has been a significant increase in credit risk resulting in allowances for financial assets being measured on a lifetime ECL basis
  • Development of the ECL model, including the various formulas and the choice of inputs
  • Determination of associations between macroeconomic scenarios and economic inputs, such as unemployment levels and collateral values, and the effect on probability of default  (PD), exposure at default (EAD) and loss given default (LGD)
  • Selection of forward-looking macroeconomic scenarios and their probability weightings

Fair value assessments
For financial instruments which are not traded in active markets, various methods are applied in order to ascertain fair value. Further information and a description of the techniques used, is stated in note 8. Financial instruments not traded in an active market are measured based on in-house judgments and assumptions with regards to current market conditions, or valuations from other market participants.



Note 2

Operating segments

Møre Boligkreditt AS’ business mainly comprises operations within the retail banking market. Møre Boligkreditt AS has only one operating segment.

(NOK million)31.12.201831.12.2017
Loans, nominal amount23 42421 164
Expected credit loss (ECL) - Stage 1-3-
Expected credit loss (ECL) - Stage 2-12-
Expected credit loss (ECL) - Stage 30-
Collective impairment--2
Loans to and receivables from customers23 40921 162
Geographical specificationCounty of Møre og RomsdalOther NorwayTotal
Loans, nominal amount17 97016 4715 4544 69323 42421 164
In percentage76.7 %77.8 %23.3 %22.2 %100.0 %100.0 %
Interest income458404145126603530
In percentage76.0 %76.3 %24.0 %23.7 %100.0 %100.0 %

Note 3

Impairment, losses and non-performance

The effect of the implementation of IFRS 9 at 1 January 2018
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments replaced IAS 39 as of 1 January 2018. IFRS 9 has fundamentally changed the loan loss impairment methodology. The standard has replaced IAS 39’s incurred loss approach with a forward looking expected credit loss (ECL) approach.

The following table sets out the impact of replacing incurred credit loss calculations according to IAS 39 with expected credit losses (ECL) according to IFRS 9, by reconciling the aggregate loan loss provision allowances under IAS 39 to the ECL allowances under IFRS 9 at 1 January 2018. The company’s model for calculation of expected credit loss (ECL) resulted in increased impairments of NOK 12 million for Møre Boligkreditt AS at 1 January 2018.

Amounts in NOK thousandLoan loss provision under IAS 39 as at 31 December 2017RemeasurementECL under IFRS 9 at 1 January 2018
Impairment allowance for:   
Loans and receivables per IAS 39/financial assets at amortised cost under IFRS 92 00011 69713 697
 2 00011 69713 697

Expected credit losses (ECL) according to IFRS 9
Møre Boligkreditt AS applies a three-stage approach when assessing ECL on loans to customers in accordance with IFRS 9:

Stage 1: At initial recognition and if there’s no significant increase in credit risk, the commitment is classified in stage 1, and expected loss for the next 12 months is calculated.

Stage 2: If a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition is identified, but without objective evidence of loss, the commitment is transferred to stage 2 and lifetime expected loss is calculated.

Stage 3: If the credit risk increases further and there’s objective evidence of loss or if individual impairments have been made, the commitment is transferred to stage 3 and lifetime expected loss is calculated. As opposed to stage 1 and 2, the effective interest rate is calculated on amortised cost (gross carrying amount less loss allowance) instead of gross carrying amount.

An increase in credit risk reflects both customer-specific circumstances and developments in relevant macro risk drivers for the segment where the customer belongs. The assessment of what is considered to be a significant increase in credit risk is based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative indicators and backstops.

The loan loss measurement is based on the following principles:

  • The loss provision for commitments which are not credit-impaired is calculated as the present value of exposure at default (EAD) multiplied by the probability of default (PD) multiplied by loss given default (LGD). PD, LGD and EAD use the IRB framework as a starting point, but are converted into being point-in-time and forward-looking as opposed to through the cycle and conservative.
  • Past, present and forward-looking information is used to estimate ECL. All customers within the retail-banking segment are exposed to the same risk drivers.
  • For credit-impaired financial instruments in stage 3, individual assessments are performed.

The model used for calculating ECL follows four steps: Segmentation, determination of macro adjustments, staging and calculation of ECL. 

Segmentation and macro adjustments
The assessment of significant increase in credit risk and the calculation of ECL incorporates past, present and forward-looking information. Segmentation of the portfolio is based on the customers’ fields of operation, and each segment is subject to separate macro adjustments.

Theory of business cycles has been used to model macro factors to estimate lifetime ECL in the model. A trend curve is prerequisite to show long-term GDP growth. Based on an assessment by the Chief Economist and the corporate unit managers in Sparebanken Møre, key indicators have been selected for the retail market and the various corporate sectors. Indicators issued by Statistics Norway (SSB) have been used to a large extent. Volatility in the indicators is taken into account when calculating the macro-factors. Standard deviations are calculated for each indicator, which entails that high/low volatility indicators will cause a higher/lower impact on the macro factor.

The following economic indicators are important for macro adjustment for the retail market:

  • Unemployment in Møre og Romsdal
  • Interest rate developments in Norway
  • Household debt burden
  • Housing price development in Møre og Romsdal

Calculation of expected credit loss
The determination of a significant increase in credit risk and the measurement of ECL are based on parameters already used in credit risk management and for capital adequacy calculations: PD, LGD and EAD. The parameters have been adjusted in order to give an unbiased estimate of ECL.

Probability of default (PD)
Møre Boligkreditt AS applies several different models to determine a customer’s PD. The choice of model depends on whether it is a retail or corporate customer. PD models are key components both in calculating the ECL and in assessing whether a significant increase in credit risk has occurred since initial recognition. These models fulfil the IFRS 9 requirement to provide an unbiased probability-weighted estimate of ECL. Møre Boligkreditt AS has as part of the Sparebanken Møre Group been granted permission to use internal ratings based approach (IRB) models for determining PD in capital adequacy calculations. In order to apply these PDs for IFRS 9, modifications have been made to allow that the PDs used for IFRS 9 reflect management’s current view of expected cyclical changes and that all PD estimates are unbiased.

Loss given default (LGD)
LGD represents the percentage of EAD which the company expects to lose if the customer fails to meet his obligations, taking the collateral provided by the customer, future cash flows and other relevant factors into consideration.

Similar to PDs, Møre Boligkreditt AS uses IRB LGDs for capital adequacy calculations. In order to convert the IRB LGDs to IFRS LGDs, modifications have been made to remove the margin of conservatism to produce unbiased projections rather than downturn projections, and to exclude regulatory floors.

These modifications imply that the LGDs used for IFRS 9 should reflect management’s current view and that all LGD estimates are unbiased.

Exposure at default (EAD)
EAD is the share of the approved credit that is expected to be drawn at the time of any future default. The EAD is adjusted to reflect contractual payments of principal and interest. The proportion of undrawn commitments expected to have been drawn at the time of default is reflected in the credit conversion factor. 

Significant increase in credit risk
The assessment of a significant increase in credit risk is based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative indicators and backstops. A significant increase in credit risk has occurred when one or more of the criteria below are met:

Quantitative criteria
A significant increase in credit risk is determined by comparing the PD at the reporting date with the PD at initial recognition. If the actual PD is higher than initial PD, an assessment is made of whether the increase is significant.

Significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition is considered to have occurred when either

  • PD has increased by 100 % or more and the increase in PD is more than 0.5 percentage points, or
  • PD has increased by more than 2.0 percentage points.

Qualitative criteria
Qualitative information is normally reflected in the respective PD models for each group of customers.

Important qualitative criteria for the PD model for the retail customer market are whether the customer has payment remarks and overdrafts on loans in the bank.  

Backstops are used and a significant increase in credit risk has occurred if:

  • the customer’s contractual payments are 30 days past due
  • the customer has been granted forbearance measures due to financial distress, though it is not severe enough for the financial instrument to be classified as credit-impaired.


Definition of default, forbearance and credit-impaired
A commitment is defined to be in default if a claim is more than 90 days overdue and the overdue amount exceeds NOK 1 000.

A commitment is defined to be subject to forbearance if the bank agrees to changes in the terms and conditions because the debtor is having problems meeting payment obligations, and this is assumed to significantly reduce the value of the cash flow.

A commitment is defined to be credit-impaired if the commitment, as a result of a weakening of the debtor's creditworthiness, has been subject to an individual assessment, resulting in an individual impairment.

Expert credit judgement
The new rules require that significant professional judgement is applied to many of the input parameters in the ECL-measurement. The assessment of the macro prognoses and their impacts are key judgements which are addressed in a separate advisory forum. The forum’s purpose is to assess if the predicted macro prognoses for each segment reflect the management’s view on the expected future economic development.

Loans and debt securities are written off (either partially or in full) when there is no reasonable expectation of recovering a financial asset in its entirety or a portion thereof. This is generally the case when the Group determines that the borrower does not have assets or sources of income that could generate sufficient cash flows to repay the amounts subject to the write-off. This assessment is carried out at the individual asset level.

Recoveries of amounts previously written off are included in “Impairment on loans” in the Statement of income.

Financial assets that are written off could still be subject to enforcement activities in order to comply with the Group’s procedures for recovery of amounts due.  

The ECL model is subject to annual validation and review.




As a consequence of low levels of PDs and low LTVs, almost the entire portfolio in Møre Boligkreditt AS is assigned to stage 1 in the ECL-model, thus loss is calculated according to 12 months ECL for the major part of the company’s portfolio.


Expected credit loss on loans is presented as a reduction of “Loans to and receivables from customers” in the Statement of financial position.    

Specification of credit loss expense (NOK thousand)31.12.201831.12.2017
Changes in collective impairment during the period (IAS 39)--3 000
Changes in Expected Credit Loss (ECL) during the period stage 1510-
Changes in Expected Credit Loss (ECL) during the period stage 2405-
Changes in Expected Credit Loss (ECL) during the period stage 3237-
Total impairment on loans in the period1 152-3 000
Changes in ECL in the period (NOK thousand)Stage 1Stage 2Stage 3Total
31.12.2017 according to IAS 39   2 000
Effect of transition to IFRS 9   11 697
ECL 01.01.2018 according to IFRS 92 31511 382-13 697
New loans7463 377 4 123
Disposal of loans-440-2 312 -2 752
Changes in ECL in the period for loans which have not migrated125-789 -664
Migration to stage 1185-4 764 -4 579
Migration to stage 2-1054 893 4 788
Migration to stage 3-1 237236
ECL 31.12.20182 82511 78723714 849
Changes in EAD in the period (NOK million)Stage 1Stage 2Stage 3Total
EAD 01.01.2018 according to IFRS 921 433614-22 048
New loans7 139165-7 304
Disposal of loans-3 811-86--3 896
Changes in ECL in the period for loans which have not migrated-780-13--793
Migration to stage 1220-229--10
Migration to stage 2-264253--11
Migration to stage 3-3-3-
EAD as at 31.12.2018 *23 934704324 641
* The table shows exposures at reporting date and can therefore not be reconciled against carrying amount.
Commitments (exposure) divided into risk groups based on probability of default (NOK million)Stage 1Stage 2Stage 3Total
Low risk (0 % - < 0.5 %)23 165183-23 348
Medium risk (0.5 % - < 3 %)691429-1 120
High risk (3 % - <100 %)78933174
Total loans before ECL23 934704324 641
- ECL-3-12--15
Loans and receivables from customers 31.12.2018 *23 931692324 626
* The table shows exposures at reporting date and can therefore not be reconciled against carrying amount.

Note 4

Risk management

The Sparebanken Møre Group's, and thereby Møre Boligkreditt AS’, long-term strategic development and goal achievement are supported by high quality risk- and capital management. The overall purpose of risk management and -control is to ensure that goals are achieved, to ensure internal and external reporting of high quality, and to make sure that the Group operates in accordance with relevant laws, rules, regulations and internal guidelines.

Risk-taking is a fundamental aspect of banking operations, which is why risk management is a central area in the day-to-day operations as well as in the Board of Directors’ ongoing focus. Sparebanken Møre’s Board of Directors has agreed overall guidelines for management and control throughout the Group. The Board of Directors of Møre Boligkreditt AS has agreed a separate risk policy for the company.

Møre Boligkreditt AS shall have a low risk profile and revenue generation shall be a product of customer related activities related to the company's operations and purpose, not a product of financial risk-taking. In addition, the company has introduced separate policies for each significant risk area: credit risk, market risk, funding risk and counterparty risk. The risk strategies are adopted by the Board of Directors and revised at least once a year or when special circumstances should warrant it. The approved risk policies operationalise the business strategy set forth in the company's overall strategic plan. The company has established a follow-up and control structure which shall ensure that the overall framework of the strategic plan is adhered to at all times.

Møre Boligkreditt AS focuses on correct, complete and timely reporting of the risk and capital situation. Based on this, a number of different types of periodic reporting have been established that are intended for the Board of the company. The most important reports during the year are as follows:  

ICAAP (Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process) is carried out and reported at least once a year. Møre Boligkreditt AS is included in the assessments of overall ICAAP for the Sparebanken Møre Group, and the Managing Director of Møre Boligkreditt AS is involved in the process. The process is led by the department for Risk Management in Sparebanken Møre. Specific guidelines have been prepared for ICAAP in Sparebanken Møre. ICAAP is reviewed by the bank's management team and the Board of Directors.

Møre Boligkreditt AS’ internal liquidity adequacy assessment process (ILAAP) is included in the company’s Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP).

A performance management report is prepared every month. The report presents the status and performance of the most important aspects of goal achievement at Møre Boligkreditt AS. The report is an integral part of the reporting to the Board of Directors.

A risk report is prepared every quarter. This is a key element of Møre Boligkreditt AS' continuous monitoring of its risk position. The risk report is reviewed by the Board of Directors in quarterly board meetings.

Internal control reports are produced every year. In the report an assessment is made of whether or not the internal control is adequate in relation to the risk tolerance. This includes an assessment and comments on internal control work performed, a review of all important risk areas, an assessment of compliance with external and internal regulations, and suggestions for and planned improvement measures. The internal control report is discussed by the Board of Directors. Møre Boligkreditt AS' internal control report is consolidated in the Group's total internal control Reporting.

Reports from external and internal auditors are reviewed by the Board of Directors, as well as the Audit and Risk Committee of Sparebanken Møre.

A reporting portal has been established in the Sparebanken Møre Group, and customer relationship employees have access to reports which show the position and development in the credit risk in his or her portfolio. The portal has a hierarchical structure, allowing managers in Sparebanken Møre and Møre Boligkreditt AS to monitor performance within their area of responsibility. The reports are also used to analyse customers, portfolios and different industrial, commercial and other sectors.

Finance and accounting reports are prepared monthly (and include calculations of expected credit loss, as well as quarterly loss reviews of portfolios with a focus on the need for individual impairment). The reports are reviewed by the Board of Directors.

Capital management
Møre Boligkreditt AS acquires mortgages from Sparebanken Møre of which minimum 80 per cent are funded through the issue of covered bonds. The funding of the mortgage company in excess of issues of covered bonds is done by equity and established credit facility in the Parent Bank.

Capital adequacy rules and regulations
The EU’s capital adequacy directive's purpose is to strengthen the stability in the financial system through more risk-sensitive capital requirements, better risk management and control, more stringent supervision and more information provided for the market. The capital adequacy directive is based on three pillars:

• Pilar 1 – Minimum requirement for equity and related capital

• Pilar 2 – Assessment of aggregate capital requirements and regulatory follow-up (ICAAP)

• Pilar 3 – Publication of information

Møre Boligkreditt AS applies the IRB Approach when calculating capital adequacy for credit risk, the Standard Approach for market risk, and the Base method for operational risk. Møre Boligkreditt AS’ Board of Directors ensures that plans for the capitalization of the Company are in place, both during economic downturns and periods of strong economic expansion. Capital assessments (ICAAP) are done every year, and the company’s capital strategy is based on the risk in the company’s operations, having taken into consideration different stress scenarios.

Risk exposure and strategic risk management
Møre Boligkreditt AS is exposed to several different types of risk. The most important risk groups are:

• Credit risk: This is the company’s most significant risk area. Credit risk is defined as the risk of loss due to customers or other counterparts being unable to meet their obligations at the agreed time in accordance with the written agreements and that collateral held is not covering the outstanding claims. Included in the credit risk is also concentration risk, defined as the risk of loss resulting from the concentration of large individual clients, specific industries, geographical areas, collateral with the same risk characteristics, counterparties in interbank operations or trading in financial derivatives.

Møre Boligkreditt AS’ main credit risk is related to loans to customers with collateral in residential property and housing associations. Møre Boligkreditt AS acquires the loans from Sparebanken Møre, originally granted to customers by Sparebanken Møre, based on group policies and limits. At the time of the transfer of loan portfolios, only loans that qualifies as collateral for the issue of covered bonds, are accepted by Møre Boligkreditt AS. For all these mortgage loans, the value of the loan balance should not exceed 75 per cent of the total value of the property. The collateral value is monitored on an ongoing basis.

Møre Boligkreditt AS has adopted the credit risk policies as set by the Sparebanken Møre Group. The group manages and controls credit risk by setting limits on the amount of risk, and by monitoring exposures in relation to such limits. Collateral is taken to manage credit risk in the loan portfolios. According to the agreement relating to the transfer of loans between Sparebanken Møre and Møre Boligkreditt AS, the day-to-day monitoring of the loans are managed by Sparebanken Møre on behalf of Møre Boligkreditt AS. Sparebanken Møre's risk classification system is based on the probability of default (PD), which estimates the likelihood of a customer defaulting on its contractual obligations.

See also the Group's Pillar 3 document published on

• Market risk: The risk of loss due to changes in fair value of financial instruments as a result of fluctuations in market prices such as share prices, foreign exchange rates and interest rates.

Møre Boligkreditt AS minimizes currency risk through swap agreements with eligible counterparties.

The Board of Directors sets risk limits, positions are monitored on a daily basis, and quarterly exposure reports are prepared for the management and for The Board of Directors.

Fixed interest on the company's funding is managed through interest rate swaps with eligible counterparties.

• Liquidity risk: The risk that the company will encounter difficulty in meeting obligations associated with financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or another financial asset.

The Board of Directors sets annual limits for the company's liquidity risk, which means preparing liquidity risk limits, contingency plans, forecasts, stress tests, routines for monitoring limit utilisation and compliance with guidelines, management reporting and monitoring of management and control systems.

In a stress scenario where the mortgage company faces difficulties in refinancing its covered bonds through normal funding sources, Møre Boligkreditt AS can rely on a revolving credit facility in Sparebanken Møre covering the mortgage company’s payment obligations for the next 12 months, and a 12 month soft-call (12 month extendable maturity) on covered bonds issued.

The liquidity situation in Møre Boligkreditt AS at year-end is considered to be sound.

• Operational risk: The risk of losses due to inadequate or failing internal processes, human error, system failures, or external events. Møre Boligkreditt AS has a management agreement with Sparebanken Møre. The services covered by this include administration, production, IT operations, and financial and risk management. Although the operational risk of Møre Boligkreditt AS is dependent of Sparebanken Møre's ability to manage this type of risk, Møre Boligkreditt AS independently bear risk associated with errors in the deliveries and services provided by Sparebanken Møre.

The evaluation of the management and control of operational risk is also afforded substantial space in the group's annual ICAAP. The operational and established internal control system in the mortgage company is also an important tool for reducing operational risk with respect to both uncovering it and following it up.

The internal control system should be designed to ensure reasonable certainty with respect to attaining goals within the areas of strategic development, efficient operations, reliable reporting, and compliance with acts and regulations, including compliance with intragroup and company-specific guidelines and policies. A well-functioning internal control system should also ensure the mortgage company's risk exposure being within the adopted risk profile. Reports are submitted to the company's Board concerning operations and the risk situation throughout the year. The Managing Director submits an annual report to the Board containing an overall assessment of the risk situation and an assessment of whether the internal controls are functioning satisfactorily.

Møre Boligkreditt AS takes into account the interaction between the various risk areas by setting desired levels of exposure. Overall, it is the internal conditions, general conditions, customer base etc. in the Group that form the basis for setting the desired overall risk exposure.

Based on an evaluation of the risk profile, management and control, Møre Boligkreditt AS has set the following overall levels of risk exposure for the various risk areas:

• Credit risk: A low level of risk is accepted

• Market risk: A low level of risk is accepted

• Liquidity risk: A low level of risk is accepted

• Operational risk: A low level of risk is accepted


Note 5

Credit risk

Credit risk represents the most significant area of risk and is defined as the risk of losses associated with customers being unable to fulfill their obligations at the agreed time and pursuant to written agreements, and the received collateral not covering outstanding claims. The company's credit risk strategy is revised and approved annually by the Board and sets forth the company's risk profile in the area of credit. Monthly portfolio management reports have been established to ensure that any deviations from the strategic goals set forth in the credit risk strategy are uncovered. The risk classification systems are used as decision support, monitoring and reporting. The risk parameters used in the classification systems are an integrated part of the credit process and ongoing risk monitoring, including the follow-up of credit strategies. Probability of default, PD, is used to measure quality.

The risk classification system is divided into ten risk classes where 1 represents the lowest and 10 the highest risk. The classification system is based on the probability of default which is an estimate of the likelihood of a counterparty defaulting on its contractual obligations within the next 12 months. In the table below, all loans to customers and undrawn commitments are presented according to risk level. The amounts are based on the nominal amounts before adjustments for impairment and accrued interest.

Loans for which payments are overdue with more than 90 days are considered non-performing and transferred to “Commitments in default”.  

Risk groups based on probability of default - 2018LoansCredit facilitiesTotal
Low risk (0 % - < 0.5 %)22 1271 21523 342
Medium risk (0.5 % - < 3 %)1 12841 132
High risk (3 % - <100 %)1690169
Commitments in default000
Total loans before expected credit loss (ECL)23 4241 21924 643
- ECL-150-15
Loans to and receivables from customers 31.12.201823 4091 21924 628
Risk groups based on probability of default - 2017LoansCredit facilitiesTotal
Low risk (0 % - < 0.5 %)20 0821 21021 292
Medium risk (0.5 % - < 3 %)9421943
High risk (3 % - <100 %)1150115
Commitments in default000
Total loans before individual and collective impairment21 1391 21122 350
Accrued interest income25025
- Impairment (individual and collective impairment)-20-2
Loans to and receivables from customers 31.12.201721 1621 21122 373

The company requires residential property as collateral to reduce the risk associated with customers' willingness and ability to serve their obligations. By the granting of loans there is an objective valuation of residential properties. Factors are also taken into account that may affect the security's value, such as licensing conditions or easements. 

Møre Boligkreditt AS is the legal and beneficial owner of each loan in the portfolio and is secured rights to the collateral that is associated with each loan. Proper transfers of loans are handled through a separate agreement between the company and the Parent Bank. In cases where the collateral secures loans for both the company and the Parent Bank, it is agreed that Møre Boligkreditt AS is ranked first under the current security.

All mortgages in the cover pool had LTV within 75 per cent at the time of acquisition. Part of the mortgages exceeding LTV of 75 per cent, based on quarterly valuation from AVM company, totaled NOK 433 million as at 31 December 2018, see note 10

The table below shows the percentage distribution of commitments with different levels of security. For example, the line 0 % - 60 % implies that the commitments are less than 60 % of the security object. Above 100 % implies that the loan amount exceeds the value of the security object.

Loan to value - 2018Total in NOK millionTotal in percentage
0 % - 60 %10 88146.5 %
60 % - 70 %5 36522.9 %
70 % - 80 %5 35822.9 %
80 % - 90 %1 1605.0 %
90 % - 100%3231.4 %
Above 100 %3231.4 %
Total23 409100.0 %
Loan to value - 2017Total in NOK millionTotal in percentage
0 % - 60 %10 08347.6 %
60 % - 70 %4 86023.0 %
70 % - 80 %4 72122.3 %
80 % - 90 %8704.1 %
90 % - 100%3141.5 %
Above 100 %3141.5 %
Total21 162100.0 %

Note 6

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that Møre Boligkreditt AS will encounter difficulty in meeting obligations associated with financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or other financial assets.

The Board of Møre Boligkreditt AS annually sets limits for management of liquidity risk in the company.

Pursuant to the Financial Institutions Act, a mortgage company which issues covered bonds must ensure that the cash flow from the cover pool enables the company to meet its payment obligations to holders of covered bonds and counterparties to derivative agreements at all times.

The loans acquired by Møre Boligkreditt AS are primarily financed through the issuing of covered bonds. The company's plan is to ensure that this type of funding shall over time account for a minimum of 80 per cent of the entity's financing of acquired loans.

Loans that are acquired and not included in a portfolio financed by covered bonds, and loans that serve as over-collateralisation, are financed through a facility the company holds in the parent bank, Sparebanken Møre, or equity. The long-term overdraft facility in Sparebanken Møre has a total limit of NOK 5 billion. Undrawn facility amounts to NOK 3.8 billion as of 31.12.

Receivables from credit institutions and investments in covered bonds, not used for LCR purposes, are used as part of the cover pool.

As of 31.12.2018 the requirement for liquidity coverage ratio for Norwegian covered bond companies is on total currency level 100 %, 100 % in significant currencies and 50 % in NOK if significant currencies equals EUR or USD. As of 31.12.2018 Møre Boligkreditt AS reports 325 % on total currency level and on NOK. There are no LCR-outflows in EUR as of 31.12.2018.

Remaining maturity as per 31.12.18Up to 1 month1-3 months3-12 months1-5 yearsAbove 5 yearsTotal
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions1 00200001 002
Loans to and receivables from customers571155233 11027 74931 554
Certificates and bonds0300173410514
Total assets1 0594156963 15127 74933 070
Loans from credit institutions1 33000001 330
Debt securities issued10602 74215 4095 07523 296
Total liabilities1 340602 74215 4095 07524 626
Financial derivatives      
Cash flow in01596427271809
Cash flow out135110459141746
Total financial derivatives-1-20-14-3213063
Cash flows from nominal interest payments are included for "Loans to and receivables from customers", for "Certificates and bonds" and for "Debt securities issued".
Remaining maturity as per 31.12.17Up to 1 month1-3 months3-12 months1-5 yearsAbove 5 yearsTotal
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions85000085
Loans to and receivables from customers1042091 0194 79221 78027 904
Certificates and bonds003031061
Total assets1892091 0494 82321 78028 050
Loans from credit institutions1 20200001 202
Debt securities issued8502 68115 2401 48219 461
Total liabilities1 210502 68115 2401 48220 663
Financial derivatives      
Cash flow in01559298190562
Cash flow out1154923161357
Total financial derivatives-101067129205
Cash flows from nominal interest payments are included for "Loans to and receivables from customers", for "Certificates and bonds" and for "Debt securities issued".

Note 7

Market risk

Market risk arises as a consequence of open positions in foreign exchange and interest rate.

Møre Boligkreditt AS has funding in foreign currency. Currency risk associated with this funding is hedged and minimized by use of currency swaps. The financial derivatives are recognised at fair value, with value changes recognised in the profit and loss account, and are carried in the balance sheet on a gross basis per contract as assets or liabilities respectively. The estimated fair value of financial OTC derivatives is adjusted for counterparty credit risk (CVA) or for the company's own credit risk (DVA).

Through its regular operations, the company is exposed to interest rate risk. Interest risk occurs in the company's portfolio in connection with its activities relating to loans and bond debt in which different interest terms apply to the company's receivables and liabilities. Depending on the relationship between the interest terms for receivables and liabilities, changes to interest rates could result in increased income or expenses. Møre Boligkreditt AS uses interest rate swaps as part of its risk management to manage interest rate risk. The company's borrowings with fixed interest rates are swapped to floating interest rates. Potential effect of a 1 year period change in interest rate of 1 percentage point, is an increase/decrease in interest income of NOK 16 million. Relative to the company's total equity of NOK 1 767 million, the company's interest rate risk is considered to be insignificant.

The table shows the potential effect of the change in market value of financial assets and liabilities of the company due to a one percentage point increase in interest rates. The calculation is based on current positions and market rates as of 31 December:
(NOK million)Up to 3 months3 - 12 months1 - 5 yearsAbove 5 yearsTotal
The table below shows nominal values on financial derivatives according to type of derivative as well as positive and negative market values. Positive market values are recognised as assets in the balance sheet, whereas negative market values are recognised as liabilities:
Financial derivativesNominal valueAssetLiabilityNominal valueAssetLiability
Interest rate swaps3 05018322 0502044
Cross currency interest rate swaps5 350442212 9002350
Total financial derivatives8 400625234 9504394
- hereof applied in hedge accounting8 128545134 6813910
The table below provides details on the contractual maturity of financial derivatives based on nominal values:
MaturityInterest rate swapsCross currency swapsInterest rate swapsCross currency swaps
2020 271 269
20221 0002 4241 0002 408
2023 2 430  
20251 050 1 050 
20281 000225 223
 3 0505 3502 0502 900

Note 8

Financial instruments - classification and measurement

IFRS 9 Financial Instruments replaced IAS 39 as of 1 January 2018. IFRS 9 introduces a business oriented model for classification and measurement of financial instruments, an expected loss model for impairments and a new accounting regulation for hedge accounting.

For Møre Boligkreditt AS the transition to IFRS 9 has impacted the company’s accounting for basisswap spreads as these are charged to OCI as of 1.1.2018 as part of the new hedge accounting model where the cost of hedging, under certain circumstances, can be charged to OCI.

The following table shows a reconciliation between the carrying amounts under IAS 39 to the balances reported under IFRS 9 as of 1 January 2018.  

 IAS 39 measurement IFRS 9
Amounts in NOK million 31.12.17ECL01.01.18 
Financial assets     
Loans to and receivables from credit institutionsL & R - AC *85 85AC
Loans to and receivables from customersL & R - AC *21 162-1221 150AC
Certificates and bondsFVPL **60 60FVPL
Financial derivativesFVPL **439 439FVPL
* L & R - AC: Loans and Receivables at amortised cost     
** FVPL: Fair Value through Profit & Loss     


The company’s portfolio of financial instruments is at initial recognition classified in accordance with IFRS 9. Financial assets are classified in one of the following categories:  

•  Fair value with any changes in value through the income statement

•  Amortised cost

The classification of the financial assets depends on two factors:

• The purpose of the acquisition of the financial instrument

• The contractual cash flows from the financial assets

Financial assets assessed at amortised cost
The classification of the financial assets assumes that the following requirements are met:

• The asset is acquired to receive contractual cash flows

• The contractual cash flows consist solely of principal and interest

All lending and receivables are recorded in the accounts at amortised cost, based on expected cash flows. The difference between the issue cost and the settlement amount at maturity, is amortised over the lifetime of the loan.

Financial liabilities assessed at amortised cost
Debt securities, including debt securities included in fair value hedging and loans and deposits from credit institutions, are assessed at amortised cost based on expected cash flows.

Financial instruments assessed at fair value, any changes in value recognised through the income statement
The company's portfolio of bonds in the liquidity portfolio is classified at fair value with any value changes through the income statement, based on the business model of the company.

Financial derivatives are instruments used to mitigate any interest- or currency risk incurred in the company. Financial derivatives are recorded at fair value, with any changes in value through the income statement, and recognised gross per contract, as either asset or debt.

Changes in basis swaps effects are recognised in OCI.

Losses and gains as a result of value changes on assets and liabilities assessed at fair value with any value changes being recognised in the income statement, are included in the accounts during the period in which they occur.

Financial instruments are classified into different levels based on the quality of market data for each type of instrument.

Level 1 – Valuation based on prices in an active market
Level 1 comprises financial instruments valued by using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. This category includes bonds and certificates in LCR-level 1, traded in active markets.  

Level 2 – Valuation based on observable market data
Level 2 comprises financial instruments valued by using information which is not quoted prices, but where prices are directly or indirectly observable for assets or liabilities, including quoted prices in inactive markets for identical assets or liabilities. This category mainly includes debt securities issued, derivatives and bonds which are not included in level 1.

Level 3 – Valuation based on other than observable market data
Level 3 comprises financial instruments which can not be valued based on directly or indirectly observable prices. This category mainly includes loans to customers. 

CLASSIFICATION OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTSFinancial instruments at fair value through profit or lossFinancial assets and liabilities carried at amortised cost
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions--1 00285
Loans to and receivables from customers--23 40921 162
Certificates and bonds51260--
Financial derivatives625439--
Total assets1 13749924 41121 247
Loans from credit institutions--1 3301 202
Debt securities issued--22 38418 823
Financial derivatives234--
Total liabilities23423 71420 025
 Fair valueBook valueFair valueBook value
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions1 0021 0028585
Loans to and receivables from customers23 40923 40921 16221 162
Total assets24 41124 41121 24721 247
Loans from credit institutions1 3301 3301 2021 202
Debt securities issued22 43222 38418 89418 823
Total liabilities23 76223 71420 09620 025
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AT AMORTISED COST - 31.12.2018Based on prices in an active marketObservable market informationOther than observable market information 
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions-1 002-1 002
Loans to and receivables from customers--23 40923 409
Total assets-1 00223 40924 411
Loans from credit institutions-1 330-1 330
Debt securities issued-22 432-22 432
Total liabilities-23 762-23 762
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AT AMORTISED COST - 31.12.2017Based on prices in an active marketObservable market informationOther than observable market information 
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Loans to and receivables from credit institutions-85-85
Loans to and receivables from customers--21 16221 162
Total assets-8521 16221 247
Loans from credit institutions-1 202-1 202
Debt securities issued-18 894-18 894
Total liabilities-20 096-20 096
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AT FAIR VALUE - 31.12.2018Based on prices in an active marketObservable market informationOther than observable market information 
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Certificates and bonds512--512
Financial derivatives-625-625
Total assets512625-1 137
Financial derivatives-23-23
Total liabilities-23-23
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AT FAIR VALUE - 31.12.2017Based on prices in an active marketObservable market informationOther than observable market information 
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Certificates and bonds60--60
Financial derivatives-439-439
Total assets60439-499
Financial derivatives-4-4
Total liabilities-4-4

Note 9

Hedging of interest rate and currency exposure

The company’s funding should have a maximum of 3-months fixed interest rate and be in NOK. If funding is done by issuances of fixed rate- or foreign exchange bonds, it is swapped into 3-months Nibor. The company should not take any currency risk.

Changes in fair value of derivatives established to hedge changes in market interest rates-34-9
Changes in fair value due to changes in market interest rates on hedged financial liabilities with fixed interest rate308
Changes in fair value of derivatives established to hedge currency exsposure and market interest rates on financial liabilities5526
Changes in fair value due to changes in the exchange rate and market interest rates in hedged financial liabilities-61-27

Note 10

Issued covered bonds

Securities issued at floating interest rates are measured at amortised cost. Fair value hedge accounting is used for the company’s securities issued at fixed rate terms, and changes in fair value (due to the hedged risk) are recognised in profit and loss.

COVERED BONDS (NOK million)     
ISIN codeCurrencyNominal value 31.12.2018InterestIssueMaturity31.12.201831.12.2017
NO0010588072NOK1 050fixed NOK 4.75 %201020251 2001 235
NO0010657232NOK-3M Nibor + 0.65 %20122018-2 503
NO0010676018NOK2 5003M Nibor + 0.47 %201320192 5012 502
XS0968459361EUR25fixed EUR 2.81 %20132028298295
XS0984191873EUR306M Euribor + 0.20 %20132020298295
NO0010696990NOK2 5003M Nibor + 0.45 %201320202 4992 497
NO0010720204NOK3 0003M Nibor + 0.24 %201420202 9992 998
NO0010730187NOK1 000fixed NOK 1.50 %20152022987993
NO0010777584NOK3 0003M Nibor + 0.58 %201620213 0023 003
XS1626109968EUR250fixed EUR 0.125 %201720222 5022 450
NO0010819543NOK2 5003M Nibor + 0.42 %201820242 499-
XS1839386577EUR250fixed EUR 0.375 %201820232 519-
NO0010836489NOK1 000fixed NOK 2.75 %201820281 018-
Total securities issued  22 32218 771
Accrued interest  6252
Total borrowings raised through the issue of securities  22 38418 823
COVER POOL (MNOK)31.12.201831.12.2017
Pool of eligible loans 1)22 97620 814
Supplementary assets1 30085
Financial derivatives to hedge issued securities (liabilities)-23-4
Financial derivatives to hedge issued securities (assets)625439
Total collateralised assets24 87821 334
Collateralisation in %111.1 %113.3 %
1) NOK 433 million of total gross loans are not eligible for the cover pool as at 31.12.18.
Debt securities issued31.12.201831.12.2017
Covered bonds, nominal value21 73318 358
Accrued interest6252
Value adjustments589413
Total debt securities22 38418 823
Changes in debt securities31.12.2017IssuedRedemptionOther changes31.12.2018
Covered bonds, nominal value18 3585 8752 500 21 733
Accrued interest52  1062
Value adjustments413  176589
Total debt securities18 8235 8752 50018622 384

Note 11

Transactions with related parties

In order to conduct normal business, Møre Boligkreditt AS purchases services from Sparebanken Møre. There will also be transactions between the parties related to the acquisition of loan portfolio, and the fact that Sparebanken Møre provides loans and credits to the mortgage company.

Loans from Sparebanken Møre are transferred at market value. If the purchased mortgage loans have fixed interest rates the price is adjusted for the value above / below par. Sparebanken Møre is responsible for ensuring that the loans to be transferred to Møre Boligkreditt AS are properly established and in accordance with the requirements specified in the agreement between the mortgage company and the Parent Bank. In case of a violation of these requirements, the Parent Bank will be liable for any losses that the mortgage company would experience as a result of the error. Sparebanken Møre and Møre Boligkreditt AS have formalised the settlement of interest for transaction days from date of transfer of loan portfolio to date of settlement of the consideration.

Should Møre Boligkreditt AS for any reason experience difficulties in obtaining financing, a revolving guarantee provided by Sparebanken Møre has been established in order to ensure timely payments to owners of bonds and derivative counterparties.

The pricing of the services provided to Møre Boligkreditt AS by Sparebanken Møre distinguishes between fixed and variable costs for the mortgage company. Fixed costs are defined as costs the mortgage company must bear regardless of the activity related to the issuance of covered bonds, the acquisition of portfolio, etc. Variable costs are defined as costs related to the size of the portfolio acquired from Sparebanken Møre and the work that must be exercised by the Bank's employees to deliver satisfactory services given the number of customers in the portfolio.

Møre Boligkreditt AS is billed for costs related to the lease of premises at Sparebanken Møre. It is assumed that regardless of operations, a certain area of the bank attributable to the mortgage company is utilised during the year. Regardless of the extent of the activity and the loan portfolio acquired by Møre Boligkreditt AS, charges related to accounting, financial reporting, risk management, cash management, financing, governance and general legal services will incur.

Sparebanken Møre bills the mortgage company based on actual salary costs, including social security contribution, pension costs and other social costs. Parts of the mortgage company's expenses related to services provided by Sparebanken Møre relates to the size of the portfolio acquired from Sparebanken Møre. Management fee is calculated and billed monthly, in which the month's average portfolio size form the basis of billing.

The interest rate of the mortgage company's deposit and credit limit in Sparebanken Møre is based on 3 months NIBOR + a premium.  

The most important transactions are as follows: 
(NOK million)31.12.201831.12.2017
Statement of income:  
Interest and credit commission income from Sparebanken Møre related to deposits82
Interest and credit commission income paid to Sparebanken Møre related to loan/credit facility1217
Interest paid to Sparebanken Møre related to bonded debt1911
Management fee paid to Sparebanken Møre3430
Statement of financial position:  
Deposits in Sparebanken Møre86785
Covered bonds held by Sparebanken Møre as assets818425
Loan/credit facility in Sparebanken Møre1 1771 202
Accumulated transferred loan portfolio from Sparebanken Møre23 42421 164

Note 12

Wages, compensations and fees

(NOK thousand) 20182017
Total wages and other cash payments2 3452 306
- hereof salary to the Managing Director 990955
- hereof other remuneration to the Managing Director 4741
- hereof refunded premium regarding the pension plan for the Managing Director6660
- hereof remuneration to the Board of Directors 120100
The Board of DirectorsKjetil Hauge, Chairman00
 Sandra Myhre Helseth00
 Elisabeth Blomvik00
 Geir Tore Hjelle6050
 Britt Iren Tøsse Aandal6050
Total fees paid to external auditor (all fees are stated including VAT of 25 %)9651 002
- hereof statutory audit services 266269
- hereof tax-related services 3838
- hereof other attestation services 416650
- hereof other non-audit services 24545

Møre Boligkreditt AS has no employees at the end of 2018. Møre Boligkreditt AS remunerated Sparebanken Møre for the use of two man-years, but only the Managing Director of Møre Boligkreditt AS is dedicated full time to the company. A number of services are also outsourced for performance by Sparebanken Møre, and these are regulated by a specific agreement between the mortgage company and the bank. The above-mentioned pay and other cash benefits, as well as employer's national insurance contributions, are cost refunds to Sparebanken Møre. The employees are members of Sparebanken Møre's pension scheme. The scheme satisfies the current requirements for mandatory occupational pensions. The company had as per 31 December 2018 no obligation to pay the Managing Director, chairman of the Board of Directors or other employees special remuneration upon them leaving the company or in the event of a change in their employment relationship or duties. Nor do any obligations concerning bonuses, options or similar exist for any of the aforementioned people.

Loans and guarantees    
(NOK thousand)20182017
Board of Directors    
Kjetil Hauge, Chairman2 88703 2140
Sandra Myhre Helseth1 49802 4140
Elisabeth Blomvik5 688000
Geir Tore Hjelle0000
Britt Iren Tøsse Aandal0000
Managing Director    
Ole Kjerstad3 32903 5790
Ordinary customer terms and conditions have been applied to loans provided for members of the Board of Directors.
Loans to the Managing Director and the Board members of Møre Boligkreditt AS, who also are employees in Sparebanken Møre, are given according to staff conditions.

Note 13


Tax cost consists of payable tax for the income year, any tax payable for previous years, and any changes in deferred tax. Deferred tax is calculated on the temporary differences in accordance with IAS 12 Income Taxes. A temporary difference is the difference between the carrying amount of an asset or liability and the taxable value of that asset or liability. Tax increasing and tax reducing temporary differences that are reversed or could be reversed in the same period are offset and included in the accounts on a net basis.

Deferred tax is calculated on the basis of the differences which exist between the accounting-related and tax-related values at the end of the accounting year. Deferred tax assets are recognised in the statement of financial position to the extent that it is likely they will be able to be utilised against future taxable income. Deferred tax (tax assets) is recognised at its nominal value and reported on a separate line on the statement of financial position.

A tax rate of 23 per cent is used as the prevailing tax rate in 2018. As of 2019 the corporate tax rate is proposed reduced to 22 per cent, which has limited effect on the company due to the temporary differences not being significant. Realisation of deferred tax benefit is based on future results liable to tax, based on empirical experience and prognoses, exceeding the tax benefit in question in the case of reversal of any existing temporary differences. No temporary differences exist in relation to items recognised against comprehensive Income.

The entire tax-cost is related to Norway.  

Specification of taxes in Statement of income20182017
Pre-tax profit230213
Permanent differences00
Changes in temporary differences185
Income subject to tax248218
Tax payable at 23 per cent (24 per cent in 2017)5752
Change in deferred tax-4-2
Correction previous year3-2
Total tax cost5648
Specification of taxes in Statement of comprehensive income20182017
Basis swap spreads - changes in value-17-
Comprehensive income subject to tax-17-
Total tax cost (tax payable at 23 per cent)-4-
Specification of tax payable20182017
Tax payable in Statement of income5752
Tax payable in Comprehensive income-40
Total tax payable5352
Specification of temporary differences and computation of deferred tax20182017
Financial liabilities-274-221
Financial instruments248213
Net negative (-)/positive differences-26-8
Deferred tax asset (-) or liability due to temporary differences-6-2
Deferred tax asset (-) or liability due to implementation of IFRS 9-3-
Deferred tax asset (-) or liability as at 31 December-9-2
Reconciliation of tax cost and pre-tax profit20182017
23 per cent of pre-tax profit (24 per cent in 2017)5351
Other permanent differences 23 per cent (24 per cent in 2017)00
Correction previous year3-3
Total tax cost5648

Note 14

Equity and related capital

The equity consists of paid-in share capital, share premium and retained earnings. Møre Boligkreditt AS recognises proposed dividends and group contributions as retained earnings until approved by the company's General Meeting. Transaction costs associated with an equity transaction are recognised directly against equity.

Møre Boligkreditt AS follows the EU’s new capital adequacy regulations, CRR and CRD IV. These regulations are based on the Basel Committee’s recommendations on new and stricter capital and liquidity standards, Basel III. The Sparebanken Møre Group has been granted permission to use the Internal Ratings Based (“IRB”) approach for credit risk to calculate the total risk-weighted assets.

However, as long as Norwegian transitional rules relating to full implementation of the IRB approach remain in force, the total risk-weighted assets cannot be reduced below 80 per cent of the Basel I requirements.

The legislation requires a minimum Common Equity Tier-1 of 12.0 per cent, including a conservation-buffer of 2.5 per cent, a systemic-risk buffer of 3.0 per cent and a counter-cyclical buffer of 2.0 per cent. Minimum capital adequacy ratio is 15.5 per cent. The current defined long-term target for Møre Boligkreditt AS is to meet minimum capital requirements. Møre Boligkreditt AS has as of 31.12.2018 capital adequacy/core capital ratio of 15.7 per cent.  

Tier 1 capital and supplementary capital31.12.201831.12.2017
Share capital and share premium1 6001 500
Retained earnings167167
Total equity1 7671 667
Value adjustments of financial instruments at fair value-10
Expected IRB-losses exceeding ECL-32-40
Common Equity Tier 1 capital1 5671 476
Supplementary capital00
Net equity and subordinated loan capital1 5671 476
Risk-weighted assets (calculation basis for capital adequacy ratio)31.12.201831.12.2017
Credit risk loans and receivables (Standardised Approach)505217
Credit risk loans and receivables (Internal Ratings Based Approach)4 5373 898
Operational Risk (Basic indicator Approach)486505
Total risk exposure amount for credit valuation adjustment (CVA) (SA)498320
Risk-weighted assets less transitional rules6 0264 941
Additional RWA from transitional rules 1)3 9443 995
Total risk-weighted assets9 9708 936
Minimum requirement Common Equity Tier 1 capital (4,5%)449402
1) Transitional rules require that RWA can not be less than 80 per cent of the corresponding Basel I requirement.
Buffer Requirement31.12.201831.12.2017
Countercyclical buffer (2.0%)200179
Capital conservation buffer (2.5%)249223
Systemic risk buffer (3.0%)299268
Total buffer requirements748670
Available Common Equity Tier 1 capital after buffer requirements370403
Capital adequacy as a percentage of the weighted asset calculation basis31.12.201831.12.2017
Capital adequacy ratio15.7 %16.5 %
Tier 1 capital ratio15.7 %16.5 %
Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio15.7 %16.5 %
Leverage ratio31.12.201831.12.2017
Leverage ratio6.0 %6.6 %
Liquidity Coverage Ratio31.12.201831.12.2017
Liquidity Coverage Ratio - Total325%295%
Liquidity Coverage Ratio - NOK325%295%
Liquidity Coverage Ratio - EUR0%0%
Møre Boligkreditt AS' capital requirements at 31 December 2018 are based on IRB-Foundation for commercial commitments and IRB-Retail for retail commitments.

Note 15

Share capital

The share capital consists of 1 140 000 shares each with a nominal value of NOK 1 250. All shares are owned by Sparebanken Møre.

The issue of share capital of NOK 100 million was fully paid on 28 February 2018, approved by the Norwegian FSA 12 March 2018, and registered in the Norwegian Register of Business Enterprises 19 March 2018.

Møre Boligkreditt AS is included in the consolidated financial statements of Sparebanken Møre and information about the consolidated financial statements can be obtained by contacting one of the bank's offices or via the bank's website:

Total number of shares 1 January1 060 000940 000
Issues of new shares80 000120 000
Total number of shares 31 December1 140 0001 060 000
Dividend per share146.49143.30
Profit after tax as a percentage of average assets0.730.81
The Board of Directors has proposed a dividend of NOK 167 million per 31.12.2018.

Note 16

Events after the reporting date

New information about conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period shall be taken into account in the annual financial statements. Events after the reporting date that do not affect the mortgage company's position at that date, but will affect the mortgage company's financial position in the future, shall be disclosed if they are material.

No events of material significance for the financial statements for 2018 have occurred after the reporting date. The company is not involved in any legal proceedings.